How does Passover, one of the most well-known feasts of Israel, foreshadow the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ?
The Feast of the Passover, is celebrated on the fourteenth of Nisan― the very day Christ was crucified. With Passover there are many other types and shadows of the death of Christ on the cross and also types anticipating salvation by His shed blood.
The Passover feast commemorated the night when the blood of the lamb sacrificed was put on the doorposts of the houses of Israelites so that the angel of death would pass over the houses so marked. It didn’t matter whether the occupants of the house were Jewish or not, the blood was what delivered them from the judgment. Notice the parallel with the blood of Christ redeeming Jews and Gentile alike.
The Passover lambs were to be without blemish or spot (see 1 Peter 1:19 and Hebrews 9:14 for references to Jesus being as an unblemished lamb and without spot).
On the fourteenth day of Nisan all the Passover lambs were to be killed, but the text says: “and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening” (Exodus 12:6).
No bones of the Passover lambs were to be broken (Exodus 12:46), and we know that when Jesus was crucified no bones were broken, which was a very unusual break in protocol for crucifixion in that day (see John 19:31-36).
The Passover lambs were inspected on the tenth day of Nisan. Jesus presented Himself as king in Jerusalem on the tenth of Nisan.
In the Passover ceremony they mix wine with water, and if you ask a rabbi they do not know why they do this other than that it is tradition. Now look at John 19:33-34, where it says that blood and water came out of Jesus’ side when he was pierced.
The Matzah, the unleavened bread used in Passover, is baked so that it is both striped and pierced. (Jesus’ body was striped during the scourging and then pierced after His death.)
In fact there are three Matzahs―the middle one is broken, wrapped in a cloth, and then hidden, and they don’t know why they do this other than, again, tradition!
When you add all these features together there seem to be way too many to be just coincidental. And yet too subtle for a faker to use. No wonder Paul wrote: “Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us.” (1 Cor 5:7b).